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Yang SUN
Sport Swimming
NOC China   
GenderMen
Born01 Dec 1991 in Hangzhou, CHN
Height2.00 m
 Human Interest 
Further Personal Information
Residence
Hangzhou, CHN
Languages
Mandarin
Higher education
Sport Studies - Zhejiang University: Hangzhou, CHN
Sport Specific Information
When and where did you begin this sport?
He took up the sport in 1998 in Hangzhou, People's Republic of China.
Why this sport?
His potential was recognised by a teacher at Jinglun Sports School in Hangzhou, People's Republic of China.
International Debut
Year
2007
Competing for
China
General Interest
Nicknames
The Underwater Meteor (dzxw.net, 29 Jul 2012)
Hobbies
Music. (Weibo profile, 12 Feb 2021)
Hero / Idol
Chinese swimmer Zhang Lin. (sports.people.com.cn, 30 Jul 2012)
Injuries
He was troubled by a recurring back injury in 2018. (swimswam.com, 16 Oct 2018)

He was affected by a high fever during the 1500m heats at the 2016 Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro, and he failed to progress through to the next round. (ONS, 13 Aug 2016)

He broke the fifth metatarsal bone in his right foot during a training session in Australia in January 2016. He returned to training in March 2016. (gzdaily.dayoo.com, 30 Jan 2016)

He withdrew from the final of the 1500m freestyle at the 2015 World Championships in Kazan, Russian Federation, due to what he described as heart problems. (olympictalk.nbcsports.com, 09 Aug 2015)

He had foot surgery for a toenail infection in February 2014. (swimvortex.com, 07 Mar 2014; cntv.cn, 21 Mar 2014)
Sporting philosophy / motto
"You succeed when you believe that you can succeed." (Weibo profile, 05 Jul 2018)
Awards and honours
In 2017 the International Swimming Federation [FINA] presented him with a prize for Outstanding Contribution to Swimming Popularity in China. (fina.org, 02 Dec 2017)

In 2017 he received the Laureus Chinese Sportsman of the Year Award and Most Popular Male Athlete Award. (sports.people.com.cn, 21 Dec 2017)

He was named the 2016 Male Athlete of Year by the sport bureau of Zhejiang Province in the People's Republic of China. (sports.sina.com.cn, 01 Jan 2017)

He was named Best Male Swimmer at the 2013 World Championships in Barcelona, Spain, and at the 2015 World Championships in Kazan, Russian Federation. (olympictalk.nbcsports.com, 09 Aug 2015; sports.sina.com.cn, 05 Aug 2013)

In 2011 and 2012 he was named Best Male Athlete at the China Central Television [CCTV] Sports Personality of the Year awards. (hinews.cn, 05 Feb 2013; sports.qq.com, 15 Jan 2012)
Milestones
He became the first Chinese male swimmer to win a gold medal at the Olympic Games when he placed first in the 400m freestyle at the 2012 Games in London. (nytimes.com, 28 Jul 2012; SportsDeskOnline, 11 Dec 2018)
Famous relatives
His father played basketball for Anhui Tigong and his mother competed in volleyball for Zhejiang Province in the People's Republic of China. (sports.163.com, 18 Sep 2012; sports.cn.yahoo.com, 11 Sep 2012; sports.people.com.cn, 30 Jul 2012)
Other information
SANCTION
In December 2020 he had an eight-year suspension overturned by the Federal Supreme Court of Switzerland. The sanction had been imposed in February 2020 following a hearing by the Court of Arbitration for Sport [CAS]. The hearing came as a result of a confrontation with anti-doping officials at his residence in the People's Republic of China in September 2018, which resulted in the testing not being completed. The matter was initially referred to the International Swimming Federation [FINA], which found that protocol for the conduct of doping controls had not been properly followed and determined that Sun had not committed an anti-doping rule violation. The World Anti-Doping Agency [WADA] filed an appeal at the CAS, arguing Sun had voluntarily refused to submit to sample collection, which was successful. As a result of the athlete's previous sanction in 2014, CAS imposed an eight-year period of ineligibility, starting from February 2020. He appealed the decision, and in December 2020 the Federal Supreme Court of Switzerland upheld his appeal, citing a conflict of interest by the chair of the CAS panel that imposed the suspension. As a result he became eligible to compete until the case was heard by CAS again. (tas-cas.org, 28 Feb 2020; reuters.com, 28 Feb 2020; xinhuanet.com, 28 Feb 2020, 24 Dec 2020; Weibo profile, 28 Feb 2020; swimmingworldmagazine.com, 28 Dec 2020; cnn.com, 24 Dec 2020; bbc.co.uk, 23 Dec 2020)

SANCTION
He was suspended for three months between May and August 2014 by the China Anti-Doping Agency [CHINADA] after testing positive for the banned substance trimetazidine. Sun claimed he had been taking medication containing trimetazidine to treat a heart condition since 2008 and was unaware it had been added to the World Anti-Doping Agency [WADA] banned list in 2014. (sports.163.com, 25 Nov 2014)

OTHER STUDIES
He has studied for a master's degree in physical education at Soochow University in Suzhou, People's Republic of China. In 2018 he began his doctor of philosophy [PhD] degree in human kinesiology at Shanghai University of Sport in People's Republic of China. (sports.people.com.cn, 12 Sep 2018)

 Competition Highlights
Olympic Games
Rank Year Venue Event Result
2 2016 Rio de Janeiro, BRA 400m Freestyle 3:41.68
1 2016 Rio de Janeiro, BRA 200m Freestyle 1:44.65
Heats 2016 Rio de Janeiro, BRA 1500m Freestyle 15:01.97
1 2012 London, ENG 400m Freestyle 3:40.14 
2 2012 London, ENG 200m Freestyle 1:44.93 
1 2012 London, ENG 1500m Freestyle 14:31.02 
3 2012 London, ENG 4 x 200m Freestyle Relay 7:06.30
Heats 2008 Beijing, CHN 400m Freestyle 3:50.90
8 2008 Beijing, CHN 1500m Freestyle 15:05.12
Heats 2008 Beijing, CHN 4 x 200m Freestyle Relay  
World Championships
Rank Year Venue Event Result
6 2019 Gwangju, KOR 800m Freestyle 7:45.01
1 2019 Gwangju, KOR 400m Freestyle 3:42.44
1 2019 Gwangju, KOR 200m Freestyle 1:44.93
6 2019 Gwangju, KOR 4 x 200m Freestyle Relay 7:04.74
1 2017 Budapest, HUN 200m Freestyle 1:44.39
5 2017 Budapest, HUN 800m Freestyle 7:48.87
Heats 2017 Budapest, HUN 1500m Freestyle  DNS
1 2017 Budapest, HUN 400m Freestyle 3:41.38
6 2017 Budapest, HUN 4 x 100m Medley Relay  
1 2015 Kazan, RUS 800m Freestyle 7:39.96
8 2015 Kazan, RUS 1500m Freestyle  
1 2015 Kazan, RUS 400m Freestyle 3:42.58
2 2015 Kazan, RUS 200m Freestyle 1:45.20
1 2013 Barcelona, ESP 800m Freestyle 7:41.36
1 2013 Barcelona, ESP 1500m Freestyle 14:41.15
1 2013 Barcelona, ESP 400m Freestyle 3:41.59
3 2013 Barcelona, ESP 4 x 200m Freestyle Relay 7:04.74
1 2011 Shanghai, CHN 1500m Freestyle 14:34.14
2 2011 Shanghai, CHN 400m Freestyle 3:43.24
1 2011 Shanghai, CHN 800m Freestyle 7:38.57
3 2011 Shanghai, CHN 4 x 200m Freestyle Relay 7:05.67
Heat 2009 Rome, ITA 4 x 200m Freestyle Relay  
3 2009 Rome, ITA 1500m Freestyle 14:46.84
Heat 2009 Rome, ITA 400m Freestyle 3:47.51
Heats 2007 Melbourne, VIC, AUS 800m Freestyle 8:08.12
Heats 2007 Melbourne, VIC, AUS 400m Freestyle 3:56.11
World Championships Short Course
Rank Year Venue Event Result
3 2018 Hangzhou, CHN 4 x 200m Freestyle Relay 6:47.53
World Cup Short Course
Rank Year Venue Event Result
30 2014   Overall  
1 2014 Beijing, CHN 400m Freestyle 3:37.10
Asian Championships
Rank Year Venue Event Result
1 2012 Dubai, UAE 400m Freestyle 3:42.49
1 2012 Dubai, UAE 1500m Freestyle 14:44.10
1 2012 Dubai, UAE 200m Freestyle 1:45.49
1 2009 Foshan, CHN 400m Freestyle 3:49.86
1 2009 Foshan, CHN 1500m Freestyle 14:57.33
1 2009 Foshan, CHN 4 x 200m Freestyle Relay 7:21.94
Asian Games
Rank Year Venue Event Result
Heats 2018 Jakarta, INA 1500m Freestyle 14:58.53
1 2018 Jakarta, INA 200m Freestyle 1:45.43
1 2018 Jakarta, INA 400m Freestyle 3:42.92
Heats 2018 Jakarta, INA 800m Freestyle 7:48.36
2 2018 Jakarta, INA 4 x 100m Freestyle Relay 3:13.29
2 2018 Jakarta, INA 4 x 200m Freestyle Relay 7:05.45
2 2014 Incheon, KOR 200m Freestyle 1:45.28
1 2014 Incheon, KOR 400m Freestyle 3:43.23
1 2014 Incheon, KOR 1500m Freestyle 14:49.75
1 2014 Incheon, KOR 4 x 100m Freestyle Relay 3:13.47
2 2010 Guangzhou, CHN 200m Freestyle 1:46.25
2 2010 Guangzhou, CHN 400m Freestyle 3:42.47
1 2010 Guangzhou, CHN 1500m Freestyle 14:35.43 AR CR
1 2010 Guangzhou, CHN 4 x 200m Freestyle Relay 7:07.68